Snapshot: The Nile

September 16, 2020

The world’s longest river has been sustaining Egypt and northern Africa for millennia

The mighty Nile has been the lifeblood of Egypt since antiquity. Its fundamentality is frequently referenced in ancient literature and some experts believe it may have been used to transport materials thousands of kilometres for the Pyramids of Giza. Today, a staggering 95% of the Egyptian population depend on the river and live close to its banks, making the Nile Valley one of the most densely populated areas in the world. It’s also the world’s longest river, stretching a 6,695 km from north to central Africa.

Aerial view of Gezira Island with the Opera House and museums and the banks of Nile River in the background.
Aerial view of Gezira Island with the Opera House and museums and the banks of Nile River in the background.

While the Nile is synonymous with Egypt, the river spills into 10 other countries, from Tanzania in East Africa, north through Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea, South Sudan and Sudan before travelling up the centre of Egypt and emptying into the Mediterranean. Along the way, the river passes through arid desert, transforming dry and lifeless land into lush oases. The southern Egyptian city of Aswan is the perfect example of this; it’s one of the driest and sunniest places on earth, where summer temperatures regularly exceed 40 degrees, yet it sustains a population of roughly 300,000 people thanks to the water source.

Feluccas sailing on the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt.
Feluccas sailing on the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt.

Thousands of years ago, the Nile wasn’t revered for giving life as it is today. It didn’t even have a name, simply referred to as ‘the river’ in literature and reliefs (Egyptian wall sculptures). However, the annual akhet (inundation season) of the Nile was deified as a minor god named Hapy and as the flooding allowed crops to grow and nourished the land, Hapy became known as a fertility god. In 1976, the Aswan Dam was built to prevent destruction from the yearly akhet and the Nile River hasn’t flooded since.

The picturesque Aswan Dam on the Nile, Egypt.
The picturesque Aswan Dam on the Nile, Egypt.

Ancient Egyptian life revolved around the Nile, whether the people recognised this or not, so it’s no coincidence many of the country’s most important monuments sit close to the river. Sights like the Kom Ombo, Edfu and Philae temples and the grand Abu Simbel complex are all popular shore excursions on a Nile cruise.

The ancient Kom Ombo Temple on the Nile, Egypt.
The ancient Kom Ombo Temple on the Nile, Egypt.

The best way for visitors to experience life on the Nile is on a felucca cruise. These traditional wooden sailing vessels are primitive and often lack amenities, but are a relaxing way to take in the sights of the Nile Valley. Cruise past palm trees and vibrant Nubian villages, large cities and agricultural land. Watch the locals cool down on the river banks or cast a line in search of fish. If you’re lucky, you may even spot one of many creatures that call the freshwater river home, such as Nile crocodiles and monitor lizards. Felucca boats are often crewed by Nubians, an ethnic group indigenous to Sudan and southern Egypt, so your sailing trip makes for a great opportunity to learn about local culture.

Felucca sailing on the Nile during sunset in Egypt.
Felucca sailing on the Nile during sunset in Egypt.

RELATED TOURS
$999 Flight Offer
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Oct 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Leisurely Pace
5 Star

Small Group

Typically $10,995
Now
$6,999 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Oct 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Leisurely Pace
5 Star
Fully Escorted
Typically $10,995
Now
$6,999 AUD
pp twin share
$999 Flight Offer
Travel from:Mar 2023
Travel until:Oct 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Small Group
Fully Escorted

Small Group

From
$8,499 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:Mar 2023
Travel until:Oct 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Small Group
Fully Escorted
River
From
$8,499 AUD
pp twin share
$999 Flight Offer
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Small Group
Moderate Pace

Small Group

Typically $12,241
Now
$9,999 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Small Group
Moderate Pace
Fully Escorted
Typically $12,241
Now
$9,999 AUD
pp twin share
$999 Flight Offer
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Moderate Pace
Fully Escorted

Small Group

Typically $5,782
Now
$4,799 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Moderate Pace
Fully Escorted
Small Group
Typically $5,782
Now
$4,799 AUD
pp twin share
$999 Flight Offer
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Small Group
Partially Escorted

Small Group

Typically $14,176
Now
$10,999 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Small Group
Partially Escorted
River
Typically $14,176
Now
$10,999 AUD
pp twin share
$999 Flight Offer
Travel from:Jan 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Moderate Pace
Fully Escorted

Small Group

Typically $14,412
Now
$10,999 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:Jan 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Moderate Pace
Fully Escorted
Small Group
Typically $14,412
Now
$10,999 AUD
pp twin share
Travel from:May 2023
Travel until:Dec 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Small Group
Moderate Pace

Small Group

From
$7,999 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:May 2023
Travel until:Dec 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Small Group
Moderate Pace
River
From
$7,999 AUD
pp twin share
Travel from:Jan 2023
Travel until:Dec 2023
Egypt
$199pp deposit
Fully Escorted
Moderate Pace
From
$5,499 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:Jan 2023
Travel until:Dec 2023
Egypt
$199pp deposit
Fully Escorted
Moderate Pace
7 Days
From
$5,499 AUD
pp twin share
Flights Included
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Included
Small Group

Included

Typically $9,744
Now
$8,499 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:Feb 2023
Travel until:Nov 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Included
Small Group
Fully Escorted
Typically $9,744
Now
$8,499 AUD
pp twin share
Travel from:May 2023
Travel until:May 2024
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Fully Escorted
Moderate Pace
From
$5,799 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:May 2023
Travel until:May 2024
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Fully Escorted
Moderate Pace
Comfortable
From
$5,799 AUD
pp twin share
Travel from:May 2023
Travel until:May 2024
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Fully Escorted
Moderate Pace
From
$6,999 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:May 2023
Travel until:May 2024
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Fully Escorted
Moderate Pace
Comfortable
From
$6,999 AUD
pp twin share
$999 Flight Offer
Travel from:Jan 2023
Travel until:Dec 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Moderate Pace
Fully Escorted

Moderate Pace

From
$5,799 pp twin share
AUD
Travel from:Jan 2023
Travel until:Dec 2023
Egypt
$99pp deposit
Moderate Pace
Fully Escorted
Small Group
From
$5,799 AUD
pp twin share
LOAD MORE Use the search bar at the top to SEARCH for your preferred destinations
Processing...