Snapshot: Alexandria and the Catacombs

June 30, 2021

A city once inhabited by revered Egyptians and Romans, Alexandria truly was the playground of ancient royalty

 

The city of Alexandria has a rich history dating back to the early Hellenistic period. Founded in 332 BC by Alexander the Great, the northwestern city is nestled into the Mediterranean coast and is the second largest in Egypt. The cities inception came about to create a link between Greece and the Nile Valley and only a century after its foundation, it had grown to become the largest in the world. As the centre of commerce between Europe, Arabia and India, Alexandria was a melting pot of culture, early politics and Hellenistic learning. It continued to evolve over the centuries, transitioning to Roman rule until its eventual surrender to Arab forces in 641 AD.

 

The entrance of Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque with children's rides outside.
The entrance of Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque with children's rides outside.

 

The Ptolemaic dynasty commissioned many significant constructions, such as the Lighthouse of Alexandria, an ancient wonder of the world and the grand Library of Alexandria, one of the most significant centres of scholarship in ancient times. Sadly, history was not kind to Alexandria. The lighthouse was destroyed by three earthquakes, while the library was burned down by Julius Cesar in the war for Roman control. In 2002, the Bibliotheca Alexandrina was opened to the public as a modern reimagining of the ancient structure. Today, it serves as a cultural hub and functioning library, hosting many public events and attracting tourists from across the globe.

 

The library of Alexandria or the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, is a cultural library frequented by locals and tourists alike.
The library of Alexandria or the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, is a cultural library frequented by locals and tourists alike.

 

Alexandria was also home to one of the most powerful women in ancient history – Cleopatra. As the last pharaoh of Egypt, Cleopatra famously formed connections with Romans such as Julius Cesar and Mark Antony to protect her rule. Today, buildings she once inhabited such as the royal palace lie underwater after they were destroyed by tidal waves and earthquakes. Researchers have, however, discovered relics of the queen and her ancestors, all of which are on display across the city alongside other Greco-Roman ruins.

With its laid-back atmosphere, modern Alexandria is a welcome contrast to its bustling brother, Cairo. The star attraction of the city is undoubtedly its 19 km stretch of pristine coastline or ‘corniche’, dotted with cafes and sun loungers.

 

The attractive Corniche Promenade features shady palms, cafe's and shops.
The attractive Corniche Promenade features shady palms, cafe's and shops.

 

East of Alexandria lies the largest known Roman burial site in Egypt. Uncovered by accident in the early 20th century, the catacombs – known as Kom El Shoqafa or the mound of shards in Arabic – date back to the 1st or 2nd century AD. Experts believe that the site began as a private tomb and was later transformed into a public cemetery, with many chambers and winding corridors leading deep underground. As Alexandria was a crucible city with influences from Greece, Rome and of course, ancient Egypt, the crypts feature a fascinating combination of all three cultures. In one burial chamber, you’ll find several sarcophagi embellished with engravings of Gods from Greek Mythology such as Medusa and the Egyptian God, Anubis, wearing a Roman dress.

 

The stone halls of the catacombs of Serapeum Temple in Amoud al Sawari draws visitors year round.
The stone halls of the catacombs of Serapeum Temple in Amoud al Sawari draws visitors year round.

Back to Egypt Tours
Related tours

18 Day Private 5 Star Egypt, Jordan & Israel With Nile Cruise

Travel from: Sep 2024
Travel until: Dec 2024
From
$10,165
 USD
pp twin share

9 Day Incredible Egypt Premium Small Group Tour

Travel from: Sep 2024
Travel until: Nov 2025
From
$2,231
 USD
pp twin share

15 Day Private 5 Star Egypt & Jordan With Nile Cruise

Travel from: Aug 2024
Travel until: Dec 2024
From
$5,999
 USD
pp twin share
2025 Dates Added

16 Day 5 Star Egypt With Nile & Lake Nasser Cruise Premium Small Group Tour

Travel from: Oct 2024
Travel until: Nov 2025
From
$4,299
 USD
pp twin share

25 Day Egypt, Jordan & Israel Uncovered Premium Small Group Tour

Travel from: Jan 2025
Travel until: Nov 2025
From
$6,999
 USD
pp twin share

10 Day Wonders of Egypt - A Platinum Small Group Tour

Travel from: Oct 2024
Travel until: Dec 2025
From
$6,799
 USD
pp twin share
2025 Dates Added

15 Day Incredible Egypt With Jordan Premium Small Group Tour

Travel from: Sep 2024
Travel until: Nov 2025
From
$3,910
 USD
pp twin share

21 Day Egypt & Jordan Uncovered Premium Small Group Tour

Travel from: Sep 2024
Travel until: Nov 2025
From
$5,295
 USD
pp twin share

15 Day Egypt Uncovered Premium Small Group Tour

Travel from: Sep 2024
Travel until: Nov 2025
From
$2,898
 USD
pp twin share
2025 Dates Added

19 Day Incredible Egypt, Jordan & Israel Premium Small Group Tour

Travel from: Jan 2025
Travel until: Nov 2025
From
$6,410
 USD
pp twin share
Processing...